A beginner’s guide to installing Java on Windows

Java is a popular programming language that is used for developing a wide range of applications, from web apps to mobile apps. If you are new to programming and want to start learning Java, one of the first steps you’ll need to take is to install Java on your Windows computer. In this guide, we will walk you through the steps to install Java on Windows.

Step 1: Download Java Development Kit (JDK)

The first step in installing Java on Windows is to download the Java Development Kit (JDK) from the official Oracle website. Visit this link to access the JDK download page. Make sure to select the appropriate version of JDK for your Windows operating system (32-bit or 64-bit).

Step 2: Run the JDK Installer

Once the JDK download is complete, locate the downloaded file on your computer and run the installer. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation process. Make sure to specify the installation directory where you want JDK to be installed on your Windows system.

Step 3: Set Java Environment Variables

After installing the JDK, you need to set up Java environment variables on your Windows computer. To do this, right-click on the “This PC” icon on your desktop and select “Properties.” Click on “Advanced system settings” and then select the “Environment Variables” button.

Substep 3.1: Add Java Home Variable

Under the System Variables section, click on “New” to add a new system variable. Enter “JAVA_HOME” as the variable name and the installation path of JDK as the variable value (e.g., C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-11).

Substep 3.2: Add Java Bin Directory to Path Variable

Locate the “Path” variable in the System Variables section and click on “Edit.” Add %JAVA_HOME%\bin; to the beginning of the variable value. This will allow Windows to recognize the Java executables in the bin directory.

Step 4: Verify Java Installation

To verify that Java has been successfully installed on your Windows computer, open a command prompt and type “java -version” without quotes. If Java is installed correctly, you will see the version of Java displayed in the command prompt.


Installing Java on Windows is a straightforward process that involves downloading the JDK, running the installer, setting up Java environment variables, and verifying the installation. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can quickly get Java up and running on your Windows computer and start programming in Java.

We hope this beginner’s guide has been helpful to you in understanding how to install Java on Windows. If you have any questions or need further assistance, feel free to leave a comment below.

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